The learning phase flag is a bool tensor (0 = test, 1 = train) to be passed as input to any Keras function that uses a different behavior at train time and test time.
Learning phase (scalar integer tensor or R integer).
This function is part of a set of Keras backend functions that enable lower level access to the core operations of the backend tensor engine (e.g. TensorFlow, CNTK, Theano, etc.).
You can see a list of all available backend functions here: https://keras.rstudio.com/articles/backend.html#backend-functions.